Prevention & Healing
Clearly prevention will come about through the eradication of this harmful and outdated tradition, both in countries where the practice is traditional and in immigrant populations. Eradication calls for extensive education and information programmes, as well as the introduction of a prohibition accompanied by effective sanctions.
If such steps require efforts from higher levels (governments, NGOs and the like) individual efforts can certainly help.
Be informed and talk about it to those around you. Your contribution is extremely valuable…HEALING
Of course, immediate complications require immediate and adequate medical care (emergency hospitalisation, antibiotics for infections, psychiatric care to support traumatic syndrome), although in practice this is generally lacking.
Women with later complications are more frequently able to find specialised medical care.
Fibrosis and stricture scarring is usually fairly easy to correct by simple procedures.
Anatomical abnormalities due to mutilation can benefit from restorative corrections which are usually quite simple.
The repair of clitoral mutilation can be corrected by a clitoroplasty. This not only provides restoration of the anatomy but also a significant psychological and sexual improvement in the majority of cases.
Obstetric care, of infibulated women in particular, requires a well informed environment. Requests for reinfibulation after giving birth present ethical problems that are difficult to manage.
Psycho-sexual and psycho-trauma support requires specialists who are well-informed in the specifics of mutilated women as well as in their specific cultural backgrounds.
In the educational and medical-social contexts of immigration countries it is important to be aware of the potential risk of mutilation young girls face, even on return trips back to (e.g. for holidays) their native countries.