Where? When? Number affected?


WHERE?

Although this practice began and is mainly practiced in Africa, it has been exported through migration.

In Africa
Starting in Egypt during the Pharaonic era and then spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Note that the North African countries do not practice female circumcision at all, neither do those in the south of the African continent.

Elsewhere
With the mass migration of African peoples from the countries concerned, this tradition was brought to other host countries, where it is practiced by immigrant populations. There are many host countries, almost all of Europe, the United States and Canada.

WHEN?
Since the origin of this practice in ancient Egypt, 4000 to 5000 years ago to the present day.

Note that in Europe and the United States in the nineteenth century, there existed the practice of clitoridectomy performed by leading physicians for supposed therapeutic purposes. It was hoped it would treat epilepsy, madness and masturbation.

NUMBER AFFECTED?
The number of circumcised women in the world today is between 130 and 160 million.

2 million young girls are mutilated every year.

That’s 6,000 a day… and 100,000 die through direct complications (especially bleeding and infection) every year.